Sep 15

Formula One teams Singapore Grand Prix preview

Singapore Grand Prix Formula One preview

150x80-flagworldf1Today’s report from Formula One teams & drivers in Marina Bay Street Circuit.



Mercedes AMG Petronas Formula One Team

2016 Singapore Grand Prix – Preview

The 2016 Formula One World Championship season continues this weekend with Round 15, the Singapore Grand Prix, from the Marina Bay Street Circuit

  • Lewis: “I love a battle, so I’m excited to see how it plays out”
  • Nico: “My belief in myself is as high as ever”
  • Toto: “We have to optimise everything to get a solid result in Singapore”
  • Paddy: “We love a challenge and are looking forward to it”
  • Vital Statistics: Singapore

Lewis Hamilton
Monza didn’t quite go to plan. But when you look at how far we’ve come as a team this season, from the position we were in, then I realise I’m in a phenomenal position. We’re still leading both World Championships and there are still so many great things to achieve together, even before this season is through. Next up it’s Singapore, which is always a great event. The race is a challenge with the heat and humidity – but it’s a street circuit, which I love. We didn’t have the greatest weekend there last year, so hopefully we’re on top of that now. I guess we’ll find out in a few days’ time! Either way, it’s not going to be an easy breezy drive. Even when we won there back in 2014, it wasn’t straightforward. Ferrari and Red Bull will be on it I’m sure, so we’ve got a big fight on our hands if we are up at the front. I love a battle, so I’m excited to see how it plays out.

Nico Rosberg
Standing on top of that Monza podium was an awesome experience. I’ll definitely remember that one for a long time! But now my focus is on Singapore – a race that’s been up and down for me. I got my second ever podium there way back in 2008 but haven’t been up there again since, so the target is to change that on Sunday. Of course, it won’t be easy. This is a Red Bull track and we weren’t so strong there last year. But I have faith in the team and my belief in myself is as high as ever. I approach each weekend aiming to win the race. The points gap has gone up and down but I’ve taken it one race at a time – and that’s the best way for me, as you can see by how the gap is now. Singapore is a cool city and a great place for Formula One. The track looks spectacular under the lights and it’s always buzzing in town around the race weekend, so I’m really looking forward to getting out there.

Toto Wolff, Head of Mercedes-Benz Motorsport
After a strong showing in Italy, we go to Singapore with a big challenge ahead of us. No team has ever scored a 1-2 finish there – and with good reason. As we have seen before, it’s a race where a single problem can cascade into many more as the weekend progresses. We have to optimise everything to get a solid result. We didn’t manage it last year and, although we believe we now understand why, only performance on the racetrack can prove our conclusions right. We are curious and excited to see how it goes. Ferrari were mighty around this circuit last year and it will suit the high downforce design philosophy followed by Red Bull, so we must not make the mistake of thinking we are favourites this weekend. It’s an exciting time for the sport and the future is looking bright. For us, we now have to get the ball over the line in both Championships while remaining conscious that next year is a very different challenge. For the drivers, I think their battle will go to the end and our challenge is to ensure they both have the equal opportunity to fight in terms of equipment and operations. It’s going to be great to watch.

Paddy Lowe, Executive Director (Technical)
Singapore is a unique race. With all sessions run at night under floodlights, everybody stays on European time throughout the weekend. This makes it a strange few days, getting up at lunch time in the local time zone and going to bed at breakfast. There seems to be a common feeling that there are more than 24 hours in the day when we’re in Singapore – but nobody is quite sure why! This was not a good race for us last year and a lot of work has been done during the intervening 12 months to understand why that was. It’s a matter of great interest for us as a team to see if we can come back and get it right this time around. Of course, we haven’t been able to test on the circuit, so all of our theories are just theories at this stage. We’ve got a lot more work ahead to get ourselves in a good position during practice, to qualify well and then to have a strong race. But we love a challenge and are looking forward to it. It’s an atmospheric venue with plenty of fans turning out, so we’re aiming to put on a good show and compete strongly.

Vital Statistics

2016 Singapore Grand Prix Timetable

Session Local Time (SGT) Brackley (BST) Stuttgart (CEST)
Practice 1 18:00 – 19:30 11:00 – 12:30 12:00 – 13:30
Practice 2 21:30 – 23:00 14:30 – 16:00 15:30 – 17:00
Practice 3 18:00 – 19:00 11:00 – 12:00 12:00 – 13:00
Qualifying 21:00 – 22:00 14:00 – 15:00 15:00 – 16:00
Race 20:00 – 22:00 13:00 – 15:00 14:00 – 16:00

Weather.com Forecast (Accurate as of Monday 12 September)

Day Temperature Conditions Precipitation Wind Humidity
Thu 25 – 32°C Storms 60% 10mph SW 77%
Fri 25 – 32°C Storms 80% 08mph WSW 77%
Sat 25 – 32°C Storms 40% 07mph SW 77%
Sun 25 – 32°C Storms 50% 10mph WSW 76%

Dates for your Diary

Monday 12/09/16
  • Event: Preview Day! Highlight of Your Week… Right?
Tuesday 13/09/16
  • Event: Overnight Transformation into Nocturnal Beasts
Wednesday 14/09/16
  • Event: Humidity Induced Bad Hair Day
Thursday 15/09/16
  • Event: 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, Media Day
Friday 16/09/16
  • Event: 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, Practice 1
  • Event: 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, Practice 2
  • Anniversary: Silver Arrows Driver Karl Kling is Born (1910)
Saturday 17/09/16
  • Event: 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, Practice 3
  • Event: 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, Qualifying
  • Anniversary: Silver Arrows Driver Sir Stirling Moss is Born (1929)
  • Anniversary: 1996 F1 World Champion Damon Hill is Born (1960)
Sunday 18/09/16
  • Event: 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, Race

source: mercedesamgf1.com, 2016 photo album

Scuderia Ferrari

Sebastian’s fond memories of Singapore

Two weeks on from the Italian Grand Prix, the Formula 1 circus hits Singapore to tackle the Marina Bay circuit for 61 laps of the 5.065 kilometre track. This is the eighth edition of the event, which on its debut in 2008 was the first ever night race on the calendar. After the totally made-in-Italy feel of the Monza autodrome, the South East Asian city-state offers a radical change of scene, with its high humidity and risk of rain making the outcome of the race, illuminated by around 1700 floodlights, very unpredictable.

“I have excellent memories from previous years in Singapore. I was able to win there a couple of times in the past” says Sebastian Vettel, who last year led all the way from pole to the chequered flag to score his third win for Scuderia Ferrari. “It’s quite tricky a Grand Prix. It happens at night and it’s quite different from what you see around the track to make up your reference points. The track is very rough, bumpy, long, with long-lasting laps. So, you need to stay focused for a long time. It’s usually quite hot and humid. So it’s a hard work inside the car, but I think it’s something we all enjoy. We try to stay in the European time, which is quite funny because we stay up very late and wake up in the middle of the day. So, it’s a bit special for all the drivers and all the teams to operate.”

Kimi: “So far we took the best out of the car in most cases”

The race here in Singapore is quite tough, it’s a tricky circuit and quite a long one and the weather is very hot and humid. To go fast here the car has to be right, like any circuit of course, but in a street circuit it’s even more important. It’s not an easy place, but you get exciting moments of racing and overtakes. It’s hard to know what to expect, our approach is the same as in any other race weekend. Last year we did well but this doesn’t mean that automatically it will go the same way this year. From tomorrow we’ll be on track and then we’ll have some ideas of where we are. So far I think we took the best out of the car most of the times, in some circuits and conditions we struggle more, and this can make a big difference. Overall I think we just need to improve the car in all areas, to be faster. Many times this year we have seen that the circuit layout plus the conditions make a big difference. Our aim is to be up there and win in whatever conditions, unfortunately this year it did not happen. For sure we are better than last year but obviously the others have improved more. I’m sure we are doing the right things, we have great people but the speed is missing a bit.

source: formula1.ferrari.com, 2016 photo album

Williams Martini Racing

Singapore Grand Prix Preview

  • 16-18 SEPTEMBER
  • ROUND 15 OF 21

A modern-day classic despite its unusual timings as a night race, Singapore has become a popular stop for the Formula One paddock. Due to the high humidity the drivers lose up to three kilos in sweat during the race, so preparation is vital to maintain concentration amidst the looming street circuit barriers. The race’s susceptibility for safety cars makes it one of the longest of the season, and it often finishes close to the FIA’s two-hour time limit. Traction and car stability are vital for a good lap time due to the bumpy nature of the circuit but unlike other street circuits, overtaking is possible.

For Singapore, Pirelli have made available the soft, supersoft and ultrasoft tyres.

Pat Symonds

The move from Monza to Singapore is one of extremes, going from the lowest downforce and drag circuit of the season to a street circuit where emphasis is on high downforce and good mechanical grip. Singapore presents many unique challenges, not least of which being that it is a night race. It does however, also bring some advantages; being so close to the equator we can quite accurately predict the ambient and track temperatures. The circuit puts a premium on low-speed grip and traction. It also has a high braking demand with certain areas requiring good ride to maintain mechanical grip. It’s a circuit we have performed reasonably well on in recent years, so we look forward to collecting some strong points as we continue our championship battle.

Valtteri Bottas

We’re back into the flyaways with Singapore, one of the most challenging race weekends on the calendar. That track has so many corners, so as a driver to complete the perfect lap in Singapore it’s quite tricky. But it’s really rewarding when you do. Personally, I do like the challenge. It’s a night race and in terms of how much you need to focus, it’s probably the most difficult track after Monaco. There’s no room for mistakes. It’s extremely hot, which makes it much more physical for the driver and hard on the car. It’s a very unique and cool looking grand prix.

Felipe Massa

Singapore is one of the few night races that we have, together with Bahrain and Abu Dhabi. It’s a very difficult race. It’s very humid and so hot; a tricky race for everybody and one of the hardest on the calendar. That said, I really enjoy racing there and it’s a very rewarding track. It’s always a good feeling racing in Singapore.

source: williamsf1.com, 2016 photo album

01 - Infiniti Red Bull Racing

Red Bull Racing

Ahead of The Singapore Grand Prix

Max Verstappen

“Singapore is definitely one of my favourites. It’s very challenging, not easy to understand and also the heat makes it even harder. Being a night race means it’s a bit different, you have to adapt your braking zone as the light changes from the earlier session to the late ones.

“I enjoyed it a lot last year so I’m excited to go out there again. The local food looks and smells great but I haven’t got around to trying it yet. In 2015 I ate pretty basic food, I don’t really like fish so I kept it simple with some plain meat. This year I am going to try and sample some local dishes.

“Luckily the time difference isn’t a problem because we are always driving so late, this means we keep our body clocks on the European time zone. It’s funny because we go for dinner in the middle of the night, there are people partying while you sit eating.”

Daniel Ricciardo

“Singapore is great, a real night race. Being able to drive through a massive city at night with all the lights flashing between buildings as you go past is an awesome feeling. It’s weird, I think it actually feels like you are going faster at night.

“It’s really hot and humid out there, I would say it is probably the most physical race of the year but I enjoy the challenge. One main highlight for me is the food, It’s amazing in Singapore. You can get everything and anything but Chilli mud crabs are pretty mega so I love having them a lot.

“It seems like a really fun city and I’m really fortunate to get a lot of people coming over from Australia and especially Perth, this means I get a lot of love in Singapore.”

source: redbullracing.com, 2016 photo album

Sahara Force India F1 Team

2016 Formula One Singapore Grand Prix, Preview

Q&A with Vijay Mallya

Team Principal, Vijay Mallya, looks forward to the final three months of the season.

Vijay, give us your verdict on the team’s performance in Monza…

“Qualifying and racing inside the top ten represented a good effort when you consider we never really found the sweet spot with the set-up. The five points we scored could prove valuable come the end of the year. To finish the European season just three points away from fourth place is an excellent achievement. I’m optimistic some of the upcoming races will play to our strengths more than Monza and I look forward to the hard work required to earn fourth place in the championship.”

The team has already picked up two podiums on street circuits this year – what is possible on the streets of Singapore?

“We’ve usually performed well in Singapore. We’ve scored points in every race there since 2010 and had some very strong performances over the years. We had our best showing of the year in Baku on a circuit that shares many characteristics with Singapore so there’s every reason to feel optimistic. I think the warm conditions will work in our favour as well. Solid points must be the objective in Singapore and all the remaining races.


Nico on Singapore

Nico Hulkenberg gets ready for one of his favourite races of the year in Singapore.

Nico: “Singapore has really become one of the highlights of the season, next to Monaco and perhaps Baku. It’s a street circuit; it’s a night race and it’s in a city which is one of the hubs of the world. The track is spectacular and you drive next to an amazing backdrop – definitely one of the best races you could have on the calendar.

“The strange sleeping pattern you get into also adds to the unusual weekend – you sleep until late in the day and stay up well into the night – it’s an interesting way to break from the usual routine of a race weekend. It’s nice to have a change. Coming from Europe, this schedule makes it much easier on you because you don’t have any jet lag; you don’t have any adjustment to make and can go straight into the racing matters. The only struggle is to find any restaurants that still serve food after midnight when you’re finished at the circuit!

“I’ve never had a chance to explore Singapore, partly because of the schedule, but also because Marina Bay is quite far from the heart of the city. Once the race weekend kicks off, it’s difficult to move around the town because many roads are closed so we usually end up not seeing too much of the place. It seems a fun city, though – Asian but with a European vibe.

“The track is very challenging. It’s a very long lap, with many corners and that in itself is an added difficulty when you try to strike a balance for the set-up with the engineers: it’s never-ending! From a driving point of view, it makes it really hard to get all the sectors together and deliver the perfect lap. It’s also very hot and humid – you’re in the car for pretty much two hours in steaming hot conditions… it definitely tests you.

“There are some nice corners, such as the fast right-hand kink of turn six and the approach to turn seven. The first sector is my favourite part of the lap – there are bumps and big kerbs, so you need a car that can take them nicely, and you need good traction out of the low and medium-speed corners to get a quick lap.”
Sergio on Singapore

Sergio Perez sums up the challenge of the Singapore Grand Prix.

Sergio: “Singapore is unique – starting from the very special schedule we have there. The European season may be over, but we keep to their times: it’s a weird routine – you wake up late, go to the track in the afternoon and stay up late into the night.

“It’s a very demanding race from a physical and mental perspective: it’s hot, races usually last up to two hours and you have nearly 25 corners to get right every lap. There is no margin for error and generally the racing is very intense, which takes a lot out of you as a driver.

“The key to being quick in Singapore is precision. You need to find every last millimetre of the track, almost kiss the walls and have a stable rear end of the car. It’s a circuit that can catch you out and I can’t remember a race there without a Safety Car, so races can be shaken up at any time. It’s also a track that rewards guts and where the driver can make a big difference.

“As a street circuit, it’s not as unforgiving as Monaco because the track is much wider, but it also means the speeds are higher and there are more overtaking opportunities. I have a good relationship with the place, with some strong results in the past. Hopefully I can do the same this year!”

source: forceindiaf1.com, 2016 photo album

Renault Sport Formula One Team

2016 Formula 1 Singapore Airlines Singapore Grand Prix Preview


We are looking forward to the final part of the year and visiting tracks that should play to our strengths a lot more. In previous races and particularly in Spa we’ve shown that the performance potential is there, but sadly we haven’t had the opportunity to convert into results through various incidents. Singapore’s twists, turns and short bursts of acceleration should give us the platform we need to finally get onto form.

Other than working hard on finishing the end of the 2016 season on a high, we are entering an interesting phase in development for the 2017 car. We will also inaugurate new facilities and welcome new faces so it’s a very busy time, but we are all very motivated to keep moving forward and make the most of the opportunities we have.


Cyril Abiteboul, managing director

You light me up

Fred Vasseur looks forward to getting going in the buzz of the Singapore Grand Prix.

Fred, we leave Europe after a tricky last Grand Prix in Monza. What are your conclusions for that race?

The last two races have been challenging and character-building for the team in terms of results. Our global performance was good in Spa and we achieved our best qualifying results of the season so far, but unfortunately in the race we had Kevin’s accident and we couldn’t convert our qualifying pace into a deserved good result in the end.

We expected Monza to be a tricky weekend and we are now fully concentrated on Singapore and beyond.

What are our hopes for Singapore and is it a circuit that should suit us?

Singapore is a type of circuit that should suit us better than the ones visited recently. We can hope for results that are more in line with those achieved at circuits such as Budapest or Spa.

What are our objectives for these coming races?

We are all very much focused on 2017 and yet we must continue to strive for the best results possible in the upcoming races.

It is tough for the team of course but we can clearly see progression in areas that are not always visible externally. This is all part of the building of this team. We must concentrate on this and work on areas that can make a difference in the longer term: for example tyre management, how we manage our race weekends and improving the car’s regular performance.

Any good work and improvements made on track are useful for 2017 and beyond. We must keep this motivation – we have a great team of mechanics and engineers and we are doing positive work in areas such as pitstops – we did the fastest pitstop in Monza with 2.1s! For me this is proof of the hard work done by all in the team, their commitment and resilience in tough times.

Spotlights are on

After a challenging race weekend in Monza Kevin Magnussen is looking forward to be racing under the spotlights of Singapore.

How would you summarise the race in Monza?

The beginning of the race wasn’t ideal as I was running very close to both Jo and Felipe Nasr when the incident happened. It was a shame for Jo but also for me as it blocked my way as well. In the end it didn’t change much for me as when I got racing again I was at the back of the field and I didn’t have many cars to race against. It was a pretty frustrating Sunday afternoon, even more so after Spa where we qualified 12th and points had been a real possibility. It’s frustrating for the team but we are now looking forward to racing in Singapore next.

What are your thoughts on Singapore?

It’s a really cool circuit and being a night race in Singapore, it makes Formula 1 look even more spectacular. The cars look super shiny under the lights – for television viewers as well as for the spectators in the grandstands it adds to the beauty of the race. The entire city lives and breathes F1 during that week and you can feel it in the atmosphere everywhere when you are downtown.

Do you enjoy the layout of Marina Bay?

The track itself is fun and I always enjoy driving on street circuits. That said, it’s also a pretty tricky circuit to get right with a lot of corners where a mistake can be easily made. Grip levels evolve throughout the weekend so the key is set up and getting the balance right. Hopefully it’s a track where we can better our performance a little bit after a disappointing last European race.

Are you a night person?

Although it’s a night race, we all stay on European time – we get up late in the day and come to the track from around four o’clock in the afternoon, which means that it’s morning in Europe. This also means that we don’t struggle with jet lag in Singapore. Even though we race at night it gets very hot in Singapore and that’s a challenge in itself, but it should be fine.

You raced in Singapore in 2014, how did it go for you?

It didn’t go very well as I had an overheating issue in the car – on top of hot conditions! A radiator seal had broken and there was hot air coming into the cockpit. It was extremely hot! This year I’m hoping for a solid race where we can fight in the pack. I really look forward to being in Singapore.

Formula 1 is now heading to Far East Asia and then to the Americas…

Yes the European season has gone by very quickly as it always does and I’m looking forward to visiting all the venues on the calendar. Every country and every track we visit has its own personality. Bring it on.

If Only for the Night

After a highly frustrating early exit from the Italian Grand Prix Jolyon Palmer is hoping for a Singapore slingshot on the streets of Marina Bay.

What are your thoughts on Singapore?

I love Singapore and it’s a totally different challenge from Monza. It’s a street race with close walls taking place at night so it’s a unique event on the calendar. I’ve raced and won there in the GP2 Series and it was one of my best wins. In fact, I raced there two years running and both years were very good.  It’s a better opportunity for a stronger result.

What’s special about driving at night?

It’s a cool feeling driving at night as you can see the circuit very clearly from the lights but your vision is channelled as the background is in darkness.

Where are the challenges of the Marina Bay circuit?

The final sector is a real challenge with the section under the grandstand. It’s tight over the bridge too so you need your wits about you. Stringing a perfect lap together is a real challenge! Over the bridge and the middle of the lap are pretty tough to get right as you’re braking as you turn so it’s easy to lock a wheel, and the last sector is very tight and twisty.

As a street course is it tough to overtake?

It certainly is a challenge but turn six at the end of the first sector / beginning of the second sector where the DRS comes in is the main overtaking opportunity and then braking into turn seven. The track is pretty tight in other places and it’s always pretty slippery when you do go offline.

Do you have a different approach to the weekend?

We see the circuit change a lot over the weekend as the surface rubbers in then the climatic conditions are reasonably different between FP1 and FP2, then FP3 and qualifying so getting a good handle on the balance of the car gives us plenty of work as generally it’s cooler later in the night. It’s not a conventional weekend!

What do you think of Singapore itself?

The great thing about the race is that it’s right in the centre of the city so you’re surrounded by everything you could want. You don’t have to go far for a good restaurant. It’s great to sample the local culture.

It’s a pretty relentless end to the season, how well are you prepared?

I’m really looking forward to it. The summer break allowed me to recharge my batteries completely and now I’m fully in the zone. Spa and Monza were not the easiest tracks for us but Singapore offers more of an opportunity I think. I’m driving better than ever and I’m exceptionally keen to have a strong result after the frustration of Monza.

Night Fever

After the misery of Monza the streets of Singapore could offer some solace for Renault Sport Formula One Team, as Chief Technical Officer Bob Bell explains.

What’s your preview synopsis of the Singapore Grand Prix?

Singapore’s a night race on a street course with 23 corners surrounded by a lot of barriers. It’s a race where drivers really have to be on their mettle. It’s tough for everyone as it’s hot and humid. For the drivers, it’s a long race on a bumpy circuit.

What are the engineering challenges of the event?

It’s tough on brakes and requires high downforce but that said, there’s nothing to say that we shouldn’t put on a reasonable show.  Over the course of the weekend one of our biggest challenges is understanding the car with the moving target of track surface evolution. This is the same with any street course and you can find yourself chasing your tail somewhat as it’s difficult to ascertain if any lap time improvement is from a change made to the car or just from the track surface improvement.  For this reason you don’t want to change too much of the car set-up over the practice sessions. To have a strong Grand Prix you need to arrive with a good set-up out of the box so the drivers can gain pace through both their confidence and circuit evolution.

What kind of base set-up do you use as a starting point?

Most of the corners are low speed so that’s what we target with the set-up. It’s quite bumpy so you need to get a good set-up for ride then it’s fine tuning around that. If you have a solid base set-up the pace will come to you over the sessions as the grip from the surface improves and driver confidence grows.

A topic of conversation has been cumulative penalties for replacing parts of the car. Where does the team lie in this regard, are there any potential hits to be had later in the year?

We’re actually looking pretty strong in that regard. One of the real success stories of this year has been how strong the power unit has been, not only though being able to exercise enhanced performance but in the reliability we’ve seen. It’s been a tremendous job from everyone in Viry.  It’s likely we’ll run Kevin’s Spa power unit on Friday in Singapore or Sepang as it looks like there was no serious damage to it in the accident.

How’s everything looking on the build-up for 2017?

Everything’s on course with chassis patterns released for manufacture and the schedule for the impact testing campaign starting soon. As we get into the next couple of months everything starts intensifying. There’s a lot of heart and soul going into next year’s car as we all are hungry to take a strong step forward in performance.

Circuit notes

T1: The second fastest part of the track, with speeds of around 290kph reached before Sheares corner. This is followed by hard braking to around 90kph at Turn 3.

T6: The fastest part of the track, with speeds of around 298kph reached before the sharp left hander of Memorial Corner.

T10: Revised section for last year’s race, including the widening of the T13 hairpin, potentially adding more overtaking. T13 is still one of the slowest parts of the track.

T14: The ‘hotel’ section through the grandstands, from Turn 14 to 23, features eight right-angled turns that are each preceded by a straight. The K will be able to recover enough energy through this section to keep the battery at a relatively high level of charge.

The Marina Bay circuit has two short straights: the 500m pit straight and then the curved straight between turns five and seven, which shoots down Raffles Boulevard. This 700m straight is the only time the driver will get over the 300kph mark.Although kerbs are used extensively here, the majority are relatively flat.

The long lap and the high chance of a safety car makes Singapore one of the longest races on the calendar. The 2009 was the shortest so far, at one hour and 56 minutes.

Fuel consumption in Singapore is high due to the stop-start nature of the track layout. Using the ICE alone, the engine would consume around 150kg of fuel over the race, but energy harvesting and employment has brought this down to under 100kg.

The drivers can lose up to 3kg of fluid during the race in the hot and humid atmosphere. This needs to be taken into account when setting the car weight before the race.

Power Unit notes

  • Singapore is one of the slowest circuits on the calendar, rating just above Monaco and Hungary in terms of the lowest average speed. With 23 corners, the average speed is around 165kph.
  • There are 82 gear changes per lap as opposed to just 52 in Monaco and just 44 in Monza. Due to the short bursts of power, eighth gear will only be engaged two times per lap. Only Monaco has a lower usage.
  • In Singapore the ambient humidity can be well over 80%. In the past these conditions would have had a big impact on the power output, which decreases as less oxygen is available to burn. With the turbo engines, however, the turbo compensates for the lack of oxygen by spinning at a higher rate. In fact it will spin at around considerably faster than a comparable race run in dry conditions.
  • The big stops on the lap are Turn 7 and 14 where the driver will brake from 300 to 110kph.
  • There are few long straights and lots of opportunities to recover energy on braking via the MGU-K. The K may actually be used to propel the car to a higher torque level than usual allowing us to save fuel at this circuit, which is notoriously difficult on fuel consumption.
  • Singapore has a notoriously humid climate and the water content in the air can be an oppressive 90%. Luckily, running in the evening will see the relative humidity reduce as the sun goes down. The electrical components of the PU will therefore be insulated against moisture and, in case of rain, the water will be diverted away using special ducts.

Tyre choice

Soft: A good all round choice, like one of Singapore’s most well-loved street foods, char kway teoh.

Supersoft: Wanton Mee: can be as spicy or mild as you want.

Ultrasoft: Like Singapore’s famous delicacy, chilli crab, saved for only very special occasions.

Memory Lane

On his third attempt with Red Bull Racing-Renault’s Sebastian Vettel scored his and the team’s first Singapore GP victory in 2011. He may have made it look easy, but the victory was earned the hard way. Vettel blasted into the lead from pole and extended his lead over the first 10 laps. Indeed it was up to 18.4s at the point when Michael Schumacher crashed into Sergio Perez and the safety car emerged. Vettel lost his lead, but it was Red Bull’s good fortune that once the pit stops had shaken out and the queue formed up, he had the lapped cars of Jarno Trulli, Tonio Liuzzi and Kamui Kobayashi between himself and Button. After a last stop, and with 11 laps to go, Seb was 9.5s clear of Jenson. The Brit closed the gap but Seb had it under control. He left Singapore without a title but he wouldn’t have long to wait…

Quirky facts

During the event, 108,423 metres of power cables, 240 steel pylons and around 1,600 light projectors with a total power requirement of 3,180,000 watts will be used. With an illumination measurement of around 3,000 lux, the lighting will be four times brighter than that of most sports stadiums.

Buildings in Singapore cannot be higher than 280 metres. This is partly because of busy air traffic arriving and departing Singapore’s Changi airport: around one every 90 seconds. Buildings that scale this height include One Raffles Place, OUB Centre, UOB Plaza and Republic Plaza.

Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore) is the national anthem of Singapore. Composed by Zubir Said in 1958, the song was selected in 1959 as the island’s anthem when it attained self-government. Upon full independence in 1965, Majulah Singapura was formally adopted as Singapore’s national anthem. By law the anthem may only be sung with its original Malay lyrics. If you want to join in, the entire lyrics of the national anthem are printed in microtext on the back of the $1,000 note.

The designation of Vanda Miss Joaquim var. Agnes as Singapore’s national flower in 15 April 1981 was part of an overall effort to foster national pride and identity. Among the several varieties of Vanda Miss Joaquim, the variety “Agnes” was chosen particularly for its vibrant colours, hardiness and resilience – qualities which reflect the Singapore spirit. It is also a hybrid flower, reflecting the diversity of Singapore’s population.

Singapore’s land size was 581,5 km in the 1960’s and has since grown to an impressive 710km, an increase of 22%.

Nearly 50% of the city-island is greenery. Singapore has impressive greenery in high-rise buildings – a total of 50ha are rooftops and roof gardens.

Renault Sport Academy Roundup

Oliver Rowland

Olivier picked up a brace of ninth positions in Monza. In Saturday’s race a last minute charge from the Brit put him into the top ten. He had a good start in the sprint race, but was handed a 10 second time penalty for punting Luca Ghiotto into a spin at the start. He is now seventh in the standings with 106 points.

Kevin Joerg

Kevin Joerg had mixed fortunes in Monza. A non-finish respectively in the feature race was followed by twelfth in the sprint, bringing a disappointing end to the weekend.

Jack Aitken

After scoring his maiden GP3 win in Spa, Jack followed up with another podium and fifth place in Monza. Jack battled with team-mate Jake Dennis for the lead, but also had to contend with a late charge from Charles Leclerc. He held on to finish second. In the sprint race Jack finished P5.

Louis Delétraz

After a long break from racing, Louis will be back in action in Formula V8 3.5 at the Red Bull Ring on 10/11 September.

Sun Yue Yang

Sunny tested Renault 2.0 cars in Imola and Vallelunga last week with Fortec Motorsports and will continue his learning process next week at other circuits in Europe with another team to prepare himself to enter the Formula Renault 2.0 Eurocup next year.

Renault Sport Formula One Team Third, Reserve and Test Driver Action

Esteban Ocon

Esteban took the chequered flag for Manor Racing for the second time in two races, but his race was hampered from the offset by a problem in qualifying. The Frenchman’s car stopped out on track and he was unable to set a time. Starting from the rear of the grid he did his utmost, but came home in P18.

Sergey Sirotkin

Sergey’s results did not do justice to his pace in Monza. In the feature race on Saturday he had a brilliant start to move into fourth, but could not retain the position as the race unfolded. A problem with the rear jack in his pit stop dropped him back to P18 but he was able to cross the line P14. In the sprint race his woe continued as he had to retire from the race due to a sensor failure.

Nicholas Latifi

Nicholas reached as high as ninth in the feature race after a string of incisive moves but fell away to fifteenth place as he contended with fading tyres and a badly-timed safety car. He was running well in the sprint and looked to be on course for eighth, but was docked 20 seconds and demoted to fifteenth for failing to react within the allotted time to the deployment of the Virtual Safety Car.

source: renaultsport.com, 2016 photo album

Scuderia Toro Rosso

Singapore Grand Prixview

Fourteen Grands Prix down, seven to go… And it’s time for the flyaway races again! First up, it’s Singapore, always a special one as we race at night. We joined Carlos and Daniil’s chat about this street circuit. They remember racing there for the first time as teammates back in 2010, during the Formula BMW Pacific championship. “It was actually raining that weekend” remembers Carlos, while another memory that comes to Daniil’s mind is finishing P1 on his first Friday at the wheel of an F1: “It was a good Friday!” It’s hot like a sauna there and “from a physical point of view, it’s definitely that kind of race where we test our fitness levels” explains the Russian. “I’d say last year’s Singapore race was probably the toughest race I’ve done in my life!” adds Carlos. They both recall driving very close to the walls – Carlos even mentions his crash at Turn 18 during quali last year – and, as Carlos says, “a lot of wall kissing” goes on in Singapore… “But hopefully that won’t be the only thing we’re going to kiss!” adds a cheeky Daniil. Let’s go night-racing.

Carlos Sainz & Daniil Kvyat chat about the Singapore GP and their memories at this street circuit…

DK: Singapore… Hey Carlos, the first time we raced there was in Formula BMW, do you remember?!

CS: Yes! It was actually raining that weekend…

DK: It was a semi-wet qualifying, that’s right.

CS: Yes, and we raced in the afternoon and not at night… And it was always raining at that time of day. But that Quali was a drying track on slicks. Then you [Daniil] went back to race there again with F1 in 2014…

DK: And then you joined me in 2015.

CS: Yep! You were P1 in Free Practice, right?

DK: Yeah, it was a good Friday!

CS: What do you remember from Singapore?

DK: I remember that it’s always quite hot and humid over there, like a sauna!

CS: Yes, and I heard that your first F1 race was a tricky one…!?

DK: Correct! My drink system didn’t work, so it wasn’t much of a pleasure… So before racing there for the second time, we anticipated this and trained harder. We went to a sauna and put a jacket on as well as doing outdoor exercises with a winter coat on.

CS: So it was much better, but still tough, I’m sure…

DK: Yes, still tough, very tough!

CS: Also for me. I’d say last year’s Singapore race was probably the toughest race I’ve done in my life!

DK: From a physical point of view, it’s definitely that kind of race where we test our fitness levels. Okay, this can also happen in Malaysia when it’s really sunny and humid…

CS: Yes, but it doesn’t beat Singapore, because here there’s less air as there are so many high buildings everywhere. You also don’t have any time to rest as there are no straights… It’s full of slow corners and no time to pick-up any air…

DK: Yes, I agree.

CS: This is also why you usually arrive in Singapore a bit earlier than usual, in order to get used to the climate, do some sport there…

DK: I play tennis, go for walks around the city to get used to it all… And another particularity is the funny time schedule we have to follow, as it’s a night race. So we go to bed at around six in the morning… Like we usually do in Europe, so it’s okay! [He jokes and they both laugh out loud!]

DK: The track is all about corners, corners and more corners.

CS: 23, to be exact! And I’d say that 90% of them are chicanes.

DK: And when it’s your first time driving there, you sometimes struggle to remember what the next chicane is.

CS: Wow, it’s six years ago now since we first raced in Singapore!

DK: You’re making me feel old!

CS: Another particularity of this track is that it’s very bumpy.

DK: Yes, and some corners also are tricky when braking.

CS: Hmmm true… This reminds me of my crash last year at Turn 19.

DK: Did you over push?

CS: Yes. I didn’t do Turn 18 well, tried to carry too much speed into here and I clipped the wall. But then I recovered myself by overtaking Maldonado into Turn 20 during the race.

DK: Yeah, I think that in 2014 I was also touching a few walls here and there, especially on entry!

CS: A lot of wall-kissing…

DK: Yes, but hopefully that won’t be the only thing we’re going to kiss! [They both laugh in a cheeky way] Thank you guys… See you in Singapore!

source: scuderiatororosso.com, 2016 photo album

Sauber F1 Team

Preview and News – 2016 Formula Singapore Airlines Grand Prix

15th Round of the FIA Formula One World Championship, 16th to 18th September 2016

With the Singapore Grand Prix the Asian overseas season starts, followed by the Grands Prix in Malaysia and Japan. The race weekend in Singapore is definitely one of the highlights of the season – for Formula 1 as well as for spectators, as the Marina Bay Street Circuit on the island state offers a unique atmosphere for this fascinating night race. The Sauber F1 Team has positive memories from last year’s night race, as the team scored one point with Felipe Nasr finishing in P10. During the Singapore Grand Prix the Swiss team will again focus on aerodynamic refinements on the Sauber C35-Ferrari.

Partner News: Sauber F1 Team’s Premium Partner the Silanna Group has expanded its marketing message to include their Power Semiconductor Product Line (Power Semis). From the Singapore Grand Prix onwards, the “Power Semis” logo will appear on the air horn as well as the front wing of the Sauber C35-Ferrari. As in previous races, the Silanna Group logo will remain on the sides of the cockpit.

Partner News:
As announced earlier this season, Dranix Technology will be a Race Partner of the Sauber F1 Team at the 2016 Singapore Grand Prix, as well as at the 2016 Japanese Grand Prix. During the Singapore Grand Prix one of its brands, AG88, will be visible on the upper sides of the sidepods, as well as on the garage walls. AG88 is an Asian online entertainment provider.

Personnel News: The Sauber F1 Team is pleased to confirm the appointment of Ruth Buscombe as new Strategy Engineer. The 26-year old Briton will start to work for the Sauber F1 Team from the Malaysian Grand Prix onwards. Buscombe has worked for the Scuderia Ferrari F1 Team, as well as recently for the Haas F1 Team.

Demo Run: In Örebro, the swedish home region of Marcus Ericsson, last weekend there were tens of thousands of enthusiastic fans at the “Race Day” to watch the demo run with Marcus in a Sauber F1 race car: https://youtu.be/3x7hU3OyNQo

Marcus Ericsson (car number 9):
“The Singapore Grand Prix is surely one of most exciting as well as challenging race weekends. The typically high temperatures, the high humidity, and the fact that the race is held at night makes it to one of the highlights of the season. For the spectators it is a real experience – besides the action on track, there are also many events going on off track. Thinking about last year’s race, I was very close to the points by finishing in P11. As we saw positive results from the car package during the recent race weekends, our aim is certainly to fight for points in Singapore.”

Felipe Nasr (car number 12):
“I like the Singapore Grand Prix a lot – the night race as well as the atmosphere in the city once Formula 1 is there makes it a special race weekend. It is a great street circuit and racing under these high temperatures is a real challenge. I have good memories from last year’s Singapore Grand Prix, as I was able to score one point. Looking back to the tests during the previous race weekends, I have confidence in our car, as I felt that we made a step in the right direction, although we cannot see it in the results yet. In Singapore a lot can happen during the race, so we need to take every opportunity that might come up.”

Track facts:
The Singapore Grand Prix on the Marina Bay Street Circuit is the second race of the season to be held at night. The grip conditions on this street track improve from session to session. The circuit has 23 corners –  the most in any circuit on the calendar – and they are all low-speed. The probability of the Safety Car being deployed is very high. Traction and braking dominate on this bumpy circuit. Due to its layout, overtaking is rather difficult and that makes a good starting position important.


Circuit Marina Bay Street Circuit / 5.065 km
Race distance 61 laps / 308.965 km
Schedule Qualifying 21:00 hrs local time (15:00 CEST), Race 20:00 hrs local time (14:00 hrs CEST)

Tyre choices:

Driver Marcus Ericsson Felipe Nasr
Soft 1 1
Supersoft 3 4
Ultrasoft 9 8

Driver information:

Marcus Ericsson Felipe Nasr
Born 02.09.1990 / Kumla (SE) 21.08.1992 / Brasilia (BR)
Marital status Single Single
Height / Weight 1,80 m / 70 kg 1,75 m / 68 kg
First GP Australia 2014 Australia 2015
GP started 49 33
Best race result 8th Australia (2015) 5th Australia (2015)
Best qualifying 10th Malaysia (2015),
10th China (2015),10th Italy (2015)
9th China (2015),
9th Austria (2015)
Points 2016
Points in total 9 27
The Sauber F1 Team currently holds 11th place in the Constructors’ Championship.

source:  sauberf1team.com, 2016 photo album

McLaren Honda Formula 1 Team

2016 Singapore Grand Prix – preview

Round 15/21 , 16-18 September 2016
Circuit stats

2015 winner Sebastian Vettel. 61 laps, 2:01:22.118s

2015 pole position Sebastian Vettel, 1m43.885s

2015 fastest lap Daniel Ricciardo, 1m50.041s (lap 52)

Name Marina Bay Circuit

First race 2008

Circuit length 5.065km/3.147 miles (13th longest of the season)

Distance to Turn One 200m/0.124 miles (longest of season: Barcelona 730m/0.454 miles)

Longest straight 832m/0.5176 miles, on the approach to Turn Seven

Top speed 305km/h/190mph, on the approach to Turn One

Pitlane length 420m/0.261 miles, estimated time loss 24s (longest of season: Silverstone, 489m/0.304 miles)

Full throttle 45 per cent, with the longest period of full throttle being just 9s

DRS zones Two, on the approaches to Turns One and 17

Key corner Turn Five, a 90-degree right-hander. The exit is bumpy and it’s vital to get the power down cleanly because the second DRS zone follows

Fastest corner 200km/h (124mph), Turn 23

Slowest corner 80km/h (50mph), Turn 13

Major changes for 2016 No changes planned

Fuel consumption 1.65 per lap, which is average

ERS demands Medium. The short bursts of acceleration from low speed make this track quite demanding on the ERS, but there are plenty of opportunities to harvest energy under braking

Brake wear High. There are 16 braking events around the lap, with few cooling opportunities between each one

Gear changes 80 per lap/4,880 per race
Circuit facts

History lesson
There have been two iterations of the Singapore Grand Prix. Between 1961 and ’73 the race was held for Formula Libre cars on the Thomson Road circuit, in a northern suburb of the city-state. The Marina Bay circuit has more of a downtown location and has hosted a world championship grand prix every year since 2008.

What makes it unique
The entire event. This is the original F1 night race; it starts at 20:00 local time, two hours after sunset, and the cars look spectacular under the glare of the 1,500 lamps that line the circuit.

Grip levels
Low. The asphalt is slippery and the average speed – just 170km/h (106mph) – is the second-slowest of the year.

Good. For a street circuit, there is plenty of run-off. In the places where the cars are at their fastest – into Turns One and Seven – there is ample room between the track and the barrier.

Watch out for…
Turn 21. It’s a fairly non-descript left-hander, but it’s vitally important. Turns 22 and 23 are taken flat-out, so exit speed from Turn 21 determines a car’s pace along the pit straight, where the first DRS zone is located.
The drivers on: the circuit

#14 Fernando Alonso

“We knew Spa and Monza would be among the two most difficult races on the calendar for us. Now we move to the end-of-season fly-aways and we’re optimistic that we can continue pushing for more points and more positive results. Singapore is a really fun track, very bumpy and challenging, but it’s a quirky layout with a lot of stop-start sections and really fast straights, so you need a car that works well in high downforce set-up and has good traction out of the slower corners. I’ve won there twice before, and the floodlights and energetic fans give it a really exciting atmosphere.”

#22 Jenson Button 

“The Marina Bay circuit is a challenge unlike any other that we face during the season – even when you compare it to the other street races on the calendar. It’s twisty, extremely fast, the barriers are high and close, and the bumpy surface is unforgiving, which sometimes means losing grip is something you can’t get away with, without seeing flying debris all over the track and the possibility of a Safety Car. That’s part of what makes racing in Singapore so special, and its characteristics pose a tough test for even the strongest chassis and power unit. It’s gruelling for car and driver, but that’s what makes it all the more rewarding to drive.”
Event stats

Start time 20:00hrs local/13:00hrs BST

Race distance 61 laps (full world championship points will be awarded after 75 per cent distance/45 laps)

Safety Car likelihood High. There has been at least one Safety Car period in every Singapore Grand Prix

When to press record The start. The novelty of seeing 22 F1 cars racing at night never wanes, and the left-right flick at Turns One and Two usually throws up some controversy on the opening lap

Don’t put the kettle on…The top seven cars made two pitstops last year. The first stops occurred from lap 10 onwards, with the second stops from lap 30. The appearance of the Utrasoft tyre this year could force shorter stints, with the possibility of a three-stop strategy more likely

Weather conditions NOW 30 degrees and stormy RACE FORECAST 29 degrees

Tyre choices Ultrasoft/Supersoft/Soft, a combination that has been used three times already this year: in Monaco, Canada and Austria
Event facts

First Singapore Grand Prix

Official slogan
“Nothing Comes Close”.

Singapore’s F1 heritage
This is the ninth Singapore Grand Prix, which means the Marina Bay Circuit has hosted more F1 races than Sochi, Austin, Abu Dhabi and Baku on the current calendar. Interest in F1 has been growing in this area of south east Asia since the Malaysian GP first appeared on the calendar in 1999.

Smallest winning margin
0.293s, in 2010. This race was a private duel between eventual winner Fernando Alonso and Sebastian Vettel; they started on the front row of the grid and despite the best efforts of Vettel to pass in the first corner, Alonso was never headed.

Sporting legacy
To quote Fernando Alonso, the Singapore Grand Prix has become a “modern-day classic”. It’s the only true night race on the F1 calendar and it’s become one of the sport’s Blue Riband events. It’s also the longest race of the year in terms of time; in three of the last four years it has exceeded the FIA’s two-hour time limit.

Did you know?
An underground electrical current near the Anderson Bridge is one of the quirks of the track. Without careful preparation by the teams, this current can play havoc with the cars’ electrics.

Don’t forget
McLaren has won the Singapore Grand Prix once before, in 2009. Fernando Alonso has won the race twice, in 2008 and 2010, and Jenson Button has finished second on two occasions.

Fan zone
Jono, aged 42, from Hong Kong, asks: “Everyone talks about the F1 teams remaining on European time at the race. What does that actually mean?”
McLaren’s answer: “It means there’s no jet-lag! All of the on-track action is off-set by six hours at this race, due to the 20:00 start time on Sunday evening. That means going to bed and getting up six hours later than normal, so lights out at 05:00 local time and getting up at lunchtime. That’s similar to the people working back at the MTC on European time.”
The drivers on: the event

#14 Fernando Alonso

“Singapore is a great race – it’s always an enjoyable weekend and definitely one of the halo races on the calendar each year. It’s a really long race – usually almost two hours – so a lot can happen. It’s tough on the cars too, especially with the current that runs underneath the asphalt near the Anderson Bridge towards Turn 13, which can play tricks on the electronics systems. It’s definitely a race of attrition, so I hope we can have a smooth weekend with good reliability, and work our way towards the front. Over the past few races, we’ve shown good consistency in our performances, so I’m optimistic that we can continue this form in Singapore.”
#22 Jenson Button

“Singapore is a tough race, so you have to be at your absolute peak physical fitness to not find it a struggle, especially in the heat. It’s an incredible venue and there’s a really special feeling all weekend. Knowing you’re working on European time while the rest of Singapore is running on local time makes it really unique – like racing in a parallel universe! Racing under floodlights never gets boring, and I hope I can have a weekend with less drama than at Monza.”
Hear from the management

Eric Boullier

McLaren-Honda Racing Director

“The combination of the stunning Marina Bay backdrop, state-of-the-art paddock facilities, unique circuit characteristics, and a vibrant atmosphere from the passionate fans, makes Singapore one of the most impressive spectacles on the Formula 1 calendar.

“As we begin the final set of fly-aways before the end of the season, we go to territories where we race at circuits that require a more technical car set-up, with less reliance on pure power. Despite spending the next few weeks far away from the UK, our development push is still ongoing and we’re still working hard on achieving performance improvements right up to the end of the season.”

“It’ll be interesting to see how the Ultrasoft tyre fares on the bumpy asphalt this street circuit is so famous for. Strategy will be an important factor in this year’s grand prix, especially given the unusually high likelihood of a Safety Car appearance. Although we weren’t in a points-paying position in Monza, we did see some promising performances throughout the weekend, so we’re hopeful of a greater chance to show what our package is truly capable of at the Singapore Grand Prix.”
Yusuke Hasegawa

Honda R&D Co Ltd Head of F1 Project & Executive Chief Engineer

“The Singapore night race is quite an amazing spectacle for everyone involved in F1, with the bustling city under the floodlights, great people and good food. The race, however beautiful, is long and physically draining for both the drivers and team, with high temperatures and humidity.

“The car set-up will need to change drastically to adjust the package from the fast-paced circuits of Spa and Monza, to Singapore’s twistier city circuit, so the team is already busy in preparation. Our car has good balance under braking, so the nature of the track should suit us more than the previous circuits.

“Honda will work to match the driveability of the power unit to suit the needs of the stop-and-go nature of the circuit, so that our drivers’ skills can shine throughout the weekend. We hope to be in a good position to score points and have a good race.”

source: mclaren.com, 2016 photo album

Manor F1 Team


Blackout curtains at the ready, because we have some big lie-ins planned this weekend! But, we’ll be making up for it by burning serious midnight oil at the Marina Bay Circuit.

We’ve kissed goodbye to Europe and it’s “Hello, Asia”, for the first of three races on Far Eastern asphalt. First up, we’re tripping the light fantastic in Singapore, birthplace of the F1 Night Race. What a race! What an atmosphere! Let’s hear from Pascal Wehrlein and Esteban Ocon, both champing at the bit to get their first taste of this frantic and challenging 5.065km street circuit, and from Racing Director, Dave Ryan.

2016 Singapore Airlines Singapore Grand Prix

Marina Bay Circuit, Singapore

16-18 September 2016

Pascal, you’ve just arrived in Singapore, the home of F1 night racing. What do you think of this incredible show so far

“Checking into my hotel room, seeing the view of the Marina Bay Circuit laid out right in front of me, was a very nice feeling. An incredible view of an incredible city and a fantastic location for a Grand Prix. Tough conditions, a demanding circuit for car and driver – exactly the kind of challenge I love. Bring it on!”

On paper – or, simulator – what do you make of the Marina Bay Circuit?

“I’m prepared for the fact that it will be tough-going; high temperatures, high humidity, 23 corners on a track that is not so long compared to some. The track conditions can be changeable, with two practice sessions in daylight, and qualifying and the race at night – and, of course, the rain. Plus, it’s a street circuit, so it can be quite unforgiving. But, you won’t find me complaining. Pretty much every track is new for me this season, so while each one is to be respected, I don’t worry too much about acclimatisation; it’s something I really enjoy. I’ll let you know how it goes!”

Esteban, two races down, two checkered flags, seven more races to get your teeth into. How is it going?

“I’m loving and learning every minute – and there’s so much more still to come. It’s a big challenge stepping up to F1 in the middle of the season; so much to get to grips with and no time to stop and think, only to keep pushing forward. It’s a big test, but that works for me! In only two races I’ve had some things go well and some things go less well, but I’ve got two race distances under my belt and I’m really happy with the way I’ve slotted into the team, and with my own performances. Six of the next seven tracks are new for me, so some exciting challenges are ahead, which is great! Plus, we have some important objectives as a team, which we need to be very focused on.”

What’s the next box you’d like to tick?

“I think we’ve shown that when everything goes our way, we can expect to be in Q2. Pascal has been able to show that it’s possible. So that’s the next target for me personally. When we start further up the grid, we can create opportunities for the race, and then, who knows, another point is a real possibility. At this stage, that would be a dream come true in a long list of dreams I’d like to realise.”

Dave, is everyone ready for the night shift?

“There are worse places to be working nights, that’s for sure! A night race always sounds pretty challenging, but by the time we’ve flown in and got stuck into the preparation, it’s not so difficult to adjust to being on European timings. The lighting system is truly excellent and at a track as impressive as this, in such a fantastic city, there are way too many pros to think about cons. What they’ve done with this race is incredible for the sport and the fans and it’s a real pleasure to be racing here.”

source: manorf1team.com, 2016 photo album

11 - Haas F1 Team

Haas F1 Team

Seeking More in Singapore

  • Haas F1 Team Looks to Shine Under the
  • Lights at Singapore Grand Prix

After competing in the quickest race in terms of duration, as the Sept. 4 Italian Grand Prix at the 5.793-kilometer (3.6-mile) Autodromo Nazionale Monza ended in a blistering 1 hour and 17 minutes, teams participating in the FIA Formula One World Championship head to the series’ longest race – the Singapore Grand Prix on Sunday at the 5.065-kilometer (3.147-mile) Marina Bay Street Circuit

Since joining the Formula One calendar in 2008, every Singapore Grand Prix has come to within four minutes of the series’ mandated two-hour time limit. Last year’s race was the longest, eclipsing the two-hour mark by 1 minute, 22 seconds. No one complains, however, as Singapore is a destination venue on the Formula One calendar. Its cutting-edge culture and incredible modernization have turned the tropical island located only one degree north of the equator into a global hub for business and tourism, with Formula One’s visit to the world’s only island city-state combining both in glorious fashion.

When Singapore came upon the Formula One scene, it was more than just a new venue in a stunning location. It was Formula One’s first night race and the first street circuit in Asia. The Singapore Grand Prix has grown in stature since, with drivers eagerly anticipating the 23-turn layout despite its challenging nature.

Powerful lighting illuminates the track in such luster that drivers say it is clearer than in daytime, as there is no glare. And with those lights shimmering off the cars’ sinewy shapes as they shoot down the straights at 320 kph (200 mph) while sparks shoot from their underbodies, fans are treated to a sensory assault that can only be found at Marina Bay Street Circuit.

Masking the awesomeness of 22 Formula One cars screaming around this elaborate track is the prowess drivers must possess to keep their cars in one piece. The walls surrounding Marina Bay Street Circuit are unforgiving, but in order for a driver to wring every ounce of speed from his racecar, he must dance with those walls while navigating the numerous bumps of the track’s surface.

If that’s not enough, Singapore in September is hot. Really hot. And for added measure, really humid. As much as the Singapore Grand Prix is run at night for aesthetic purposes, nighttime is the coolest time for drivers and spectators alike. Nonetheless, temperatures inside the racecar can reach 60 degrees Celsius (140 degrees Fahrenheit).

Despite the tough track and equally tough environs, the Singapore Grand Prix is embraced by drivers. The electric atmosphere of the city and the beauty of Formula One at night, where exhaust flames and glowing brake discs provide a technicolor display that goes unnoticed in daylight hours, are appreciated by the drivers. It’s a modern-day Monaco.

The lights are bright at Marina Bay, and Haas F1 Team wants to shine. The American outfit comes into Round 15 of the 21-race Formula One schedule hungry for points despite recently harnessed speed that has been on display at the last two races in Belgium and Monza. Drivers Romain Grosjean and Esteban Gutiérrez have been among the top-10 in practice and in qualifying, highlighted by Gutiérrez breaking into the third and final round of knockout qualifying at Monza. That speed, however, has not translated into point-scoring results on Sunday. Haas F1 Team’s last point-paying finish came six races ago in Austria care of Grosjean’s seventh-place drive.

With a total of 28 points so far this season, Haas F1 Team is eighth in the constructor standings, 17 points behind seventh-place Toro Rosso and 22 points up on ninth-place Renault. Catching Toro Rosso is an attainable goal, as the taste of points Haas F1 Team enjoyed at the beginning of the year has made the first American Formula One team in 30 years hungry for more.

Singapore, home to numerous restaurants serving high-end cuisine that satisfy even the most discerning palate, can dish up points for the less discerning Haas F1 Team. Points are points, no matter how they’re served, and the table is set for Haas F1 Team.

Marina Bay Street Circuit

Circuit Length: 5.065 km (3.147 miles)

Laps: 61

Race Distance: 308.828 km (191.897 miles)

Broadcast: NBCSN – 7 a.m. ET

Haas F1 Team debuted in the FIA Formula One World Championship in 2016, becoming the first American Formula One team since 1986. Founded by industrialist Gene Haas, Haas F1 Team is based in the United States on the same Kannapolis, North Carolina, campus as his championship-winning NASCAR Sprint Cup Series team, Stewart-Haas Racing. Haas is the founder of Haas Automation, the largest CNC machine tool builder in North America, and he is chairman of Haas F1 Team.

With Formula One’s slate of European races over, use of the team’s transporters and hospitality unit is also over. How helpful is it to have all that equipment at the track on a consistent basis, and how hard is it to transition back to flyaway races?

“It’s nice to have your own equipment with you. You know where you are going and don’t have to change every weekend, but then again, it’s just part of our job to always deal with what we are given. All of the supplies we take to flyaways we ship in sea containers, so it’s all of our stuff. It’s just in a different building and it needs to be set up. Our trucks and hospitality unit will be serviced and repaired and they’ll come back out in the springtime.”

Between the Spanish Grand Prix in mid-May and the Italian Grand Prix in early September, Haas F1 Team had five 11th-place finishes and only one point-paying finish – seventh by Grosjean in Austria. Is that frustrating, or considering this is Haas F1 Team’s debut season, cause for optimism that points can still be had in the season’s last seven races?

“The frustrating thing is finishing 11th five times. You’re almost there, but you’re not there. Eleventh is the first spot out of the points. Again, frustrating, but you know you are not far off and you are doing well. The 11th position has been earned by merit. We didn’t luck into it five times. We qualified once in the top-10 and made it to Q3 in Italy, so I think we are encouraged, but still disappointed that we don’t have more points.”

In the last two races at Spa and Monza, Haas F1 Team has been consistently quick through practice and qualifying, even breaking into Q3 with Gutiérrez at Monza. What can you attribute this to?

“I think we started making good steps in Hockenheim and then Spa and Monza. They are all special tracks and very fast, and they seemed to suit our car a little bit better. We learned a lot during the last five-six races about tire management, so I think that helped. We just get better the more experience we gain, and we hope to take that to Singapore.”

How does Haas F1 Team go about translating this speed into point-paying finishes?

“I think we’re at a good point in finding solutions and finding the balance of the car. We are bringing updates to the car in Singapore which, hopefully, will help us go faster. The midfield is so close and we are just at the end of it. I think it’s all about execution. Just a little bit more and we will get in the points. I would say we are the sixth- or seventh-best team. I think we opened up a gap to the people behind us in the competition speed-wise, but Force India and Williams are still going strong in front of us and we are battling with McLaren, so it’s just a very tight midfield.”

Haas F1 Team is bringing some updates to Singapore. What are they?

“Front wing, modifications to the floor and the brake ducts. We’re aiming to reduce corner sensitivity so the car is more consistent, and enhance aerodynamic performance and overall efficiency.”

Are these updates a good example of how Haas F1 Team is still working to improve this year’s car while simultaneously developing next year’s car?

“We finished developing this year’s car completely more than two months ago. These changes came from wind tunnel data and it took a little bit of time to develop the parts. We took our time so we are better prepared for next year. This is the last update for the 2016 car.”

Where is the team in regard to its 2017 car?

“We’ve been using a 60-percent scale model car in the wind tunnel since February, but from February to June we developed both cars (2016 and 2017) simultaneously. In the past two-and-a-half months, it’s been all hands on deck developing the 2017 car.”

Singapore has become a destination venue for Formula One. What makes it such a desirable event?

“It’s a race in a big city – a cool city – and it’s a night race. There are some cool elements for people to do when they go there. There’s lots of nightlife and you can stay in the city and walk to the racetrack.”

Singapore spurred more night races in Formula One just as Bristol (Tenn.) Motor Speedway spurred more night races in NASCAR. You’ve been to both. Can you compare the two? Are there any similarities?

“I would say a night race is always exciting and I think if all the races were night races, it wouldn’t be as interesting. With NASCAR and Formula One night races, you have the whole day to build up to it. It’s just cool.”

The schedule at Singapore seems to be very smartly laid out. Practice and qualifying is at roughly the same time as the race, providing consistent data for the teams. And fans across the globe get consistent TV times to watch all the coverage, as the times are the same as they’ve been for all of the European races. As a competitor but also as a stakeholder, can you describe how beneficial this is for Formula One?

“Consistent TV times are good because fans know when to tune in. That’s very difficult to do with a global sport, so this schedule is good from that perspective. It’s also a good thing for the teams because they will sleep during the day and work at night, and not be jet lagged.”

Can you describe the atmosphere generated by a night race? Is there a heightened sense of excitement and anticipation because the Singapore Grand Prix is so visually stimulating?

“The adrenaline is higher when the atmosphere around the track is cool. The spectators have the whole day to get ready and get excited, and for us it’s just cool.”

Because the Singapore Grand Prix is at night, is there a heightened sense of speed?

“It’s actually easier at night because the lights never change. The luminosity is always the same. You stick with the same visor, and driving at those speeds in those conditions is absolutely fine.”

Can you describe the atmosphere generated by a night race? Is there a heightened sense of excitement and anticipation because the Singapore Grand Prix is so visually stimulating?

“It’s pretty cool. Everyone loves it, especially the VIPs, who then go partying after the race. It’s a special one, for sure. It’s a race everyone waits for. It’s a tricky track, and you’re racing at night downtown when it’s very hot and humid, so there are a lot of factors that make it exciting.”

Singapore’s layout forces drivers to run close to the track’s walls for the majority of a lap. While the margin for error is always low in Formula One, is it even lower at Marina Bay Street Circuit?

“Yes. You pretty much have to hold your breath and hope for the best, especially when you’re pushing in qualifying, as you run so close to the walls.”

Is it safe to say that recent discussions regarding track limits are unnecessary at Singapore?

“Yes and no. There are a few corners where you can actually run wide and go over the curbs. I think last year they removed some. So, yes, most of the time there are walls in close proximity, but there are a few occasions on the track when you can use a bit more of the width than was perhaps first designed.”

How do you handle the bumpy nature of Singapore’s layout, and are there specific sections of the track you have to remember to avoid?

“Especially between turns three and four, and on the long straight, it’s very bumpy. You really want to find the right line there. When you make an overtaking move there, you’ve really got to be sure you’ve got the car with you as it’s very tricky.”

There are 23 turns at Marina Bay Street Circuit, the most of any Formula One venue. Which ones are the most treacherous and why?

“To be honest, every corner is tricky. It’s difficult to just pick one.”

Between the bumps and the heat, how physically taxing is the Singapore Grand Prix?

“It can be very physical. All week we never see the sunlight, so that takes a bit of energy away. Then it’s humid, it’s hot and it’s always a long race. We usually reach the two-hour limit. It’s very, very demanding. I remember back in 2013, I lost four kilos (nine pounds) of water during the race, which is quite a lot.”

In addition to its physicality, is the Singapore Grand Prix mentally exhausting because of the close proximity of the walls, its multitude of turns and high safety-car frequency?

“Mentally it’s very difficult, as much as it is physical. It’s clearly one of the races where you need to be at your fittest in the season.”

Despite the mental and physical nature of the Singapore Grand Prix, drivers love it. Why?

“Simple, we love a challenge. That’s why we race in Formula One and that’s why we drive these cars and race at over 300 kph (186 mph). We love it.”

Because of Singapore’s high heat and humidity, do you do anything special in advance of the race and during the race weekend to stay hydrated?

“I think as long as you’re fit as you can be, that’s the most important thing. I cope pretty well with the heat, normally. I just get myself ready, jump in and go for it.”

Where are the overtaking opportunities at Marina Bay Street Circuit?

“On the long straight after turn four, and then again when you come back after the bridge on the second longest straight into the braking zone.”

Prior to racing at the Marina Bay Street Circuit in Formula One, did you have any experience at that track?


Was your first Formula One race at Singapore in 2009 your first time racing under the lights? What did you think of the experience?

“It was pretty cool. The lights are perfect, so you don’t really feel like you’re racing at night. I didn’t get many laps first time out, but it was a great experience.”

What is your favorite part of the Marina Bay Street Circuit?

“Good question. I like turns one to three, the first complex, basically.”

Describe a lap around Marina Bay Street Circuit.

“Main straight going into turn one, heavy braking, easy to front lock. You want to carry through some speed there. You go into a tight hairpin with a tricky throttle application. Then turn four is a mid-speed corner going into the longest straight on the track, big braking at the end of that. Then a right-hand side, 20-degree turn followed by a left-hand side, 90-degree turn. Then you go to the left carrying some speed with a right chicane. It’s pretty tricky going under the bridge. There’s a bit of a bump, tricky braking at the end before that left hairpin. On the back straight it’s important to get good traction. Big braking to go into the next right-hand side, 90-degree turn. The next braking zone is a bit tricky, then the chicane at (turns) 18 and 19, having passed the stadium, where there’s no room for error. Last sequence – lot of inside curb through turn 21. We see a lot of cars touching the wall on exit there. The final corner is the second quickest on the track. It’s pretty cool. You carry top speed from there to the start.”

Because the Singapore Grand Prix is at night, is there a heightened sense of speed?

“It’s pretty similar, but it makes it very special because everything goes into a very different kind of mood. I really enjoy it and I love driving in the night in Singapore.”

Can you describe the atmosphere generated by a night race? Is there a heightened sense of excitement and anticipation because the Singapore Grand Prix is so visually stimulating?

“There are a lot of things going on, and the schedule is completely different. All the events are very alive and everything is right in the city, so it brings a very close atmosphere which creates a lot of excitement for many people. Singapore is a great city and a great place for Formula One.”

Singapore’s layout forces drivers to run close to the track’s walls for the majority of a lap. While the margin for error is always low in Formula One, is it even lower at Marina Bay Street Circuit?

“Yes, the margin for error is a bit low, but it’s still a street circuit and it’s one of my favorites. Running as close as possible to the walls, you go quicker and quicker. You try to optimize all the space there is available on track.”

Is it safe to say that recent discussions regarding track limits are unnecessary at Singapore?

“At Singapore there is the wall, so there is no need to talk about track limits.”

How do you handle the bumpy nature of Singapore’s layout, and are there specific sections of the track you have to remember to avoid?

“It’s quite bumpy on all the braking points and in some corners as well, but it’s not as bumpy as other place like Monaco. Singapore has very good streets, so the circuit is in very good shape every time we’re there.”

There are 23 turns at Marina Bay Street Circuit, the most of any Formula One venue. Which ones are the most treacherous and why?

“I like very much the first section – turns one, two, three and four. You arrive very quick from the straight, so it’s a sequence of corners which makes it very interesting. I also like the last part where you have a lot of chicanes where you can use the curbs. It’s a lot of corners in a very short period of time, so it’s very physical.”

Between the bumps and the heat, how physically taxing is the Singapore Grand Prix?

“It’s not about the heat, it’s about the humidity. It’s really challenging when it comes down to physical conditioning because we’re not used to so much humidity, and that’s what make it very different for us. That’s why I’m going there ahead of time to do some training and get adapted to those conditions.”

In addition to its physicality, is the Singapore Grand Prix mentally exhausting because of the close proximity of the walls, its multitude of turns and high safety-car frequency?

“Yes, it is very physical and very mental because it requires a lot of concentration and focus during the race as the margin for error is smaller than usual being a street circuit. It’s more of a challenge when you’re fighting on the limit with other people as the level of concentration has to be very accurate.”

Despite the mental and physical nature of the Singapore Grand Prix, drivers love it. Why?

“The track is amazing. It has so many corners. It’s quite an adventure and it brings a very nice atmosphere. The hotels are close by. You can walk every day to the track, so it feels very convenient.”

Because of Singapore’s high heat and humidity, do you do anything special in advance of the race and during the race weekend to stay hydrated?

“It’s all about getting hydrated and taking a lot of minerals. I’m going to go there ahead of time in order to adapt to the conditions.”

Where are the overtaking opportunities at Marina Bay Street Circuit?

“The overtaking opportunities are on corner one, corner eight, which is after the long straight, then after the hairpin, as well. There are two or three places which are pretty good for overtaking, even though it’s a street circuit and usually street circuits are a bit more difficult for that.”

Prior to racing at the Marina Bay Street Circuit in Formula One, did you have any experience at that track?

“The first time I came there was in GP2 and I went straight into practice without knowing much about it. There used to be a very special corner, a triple chicane, which now has been changed, so that part and that section will be new to me. I’m looking forward to getting to know it.”

Was your first Formula One race at Singapore in 2013 your first time racing under the lights? What did you think of the experience?

“I think it’s an amazing experience, especially because of the weather conditions. It’s very hot, very humid, so to race during the day in Singapore was going to be a real challenge. It’s already a big challenge in the night, so I think it was a good decision to do it in the night and it allows all the people to enjoy the whole event in a very different atmosphere.”

What is your favorite part of the Marina Bay Street Circuit?

“I would say the last sector. There’s a sequences of corners with a lot of chicanes and a lot of curbs. Closing a perfect lap is a fantastic experience.”

Describe a lap around Marina Bay Street Circuit.

“You arrive into turns one, two and three and it’s basically a sequence of corners. It’s a medium-speed corner entering into turn one, and at turn two it’s important to prepare the line for turn three. Turn three is more of a hairpin, so the exit is very important. You arrive down into turn five which then sends you onto a long straight which is flat out. You arrive into high braking which is around turn seven, fairly straight, 90-degree corner. You have the track closing in as the walls get very close. It’s important to keep the car in good traction, not to overheat the rear tires a lot. Then you have three corners before the hairpin where it becomes pretty challenging. You cannot lose the line. Everything is about getting the right sequence. Exit of the hairpin you have a long straight and you go downhill into another 90-degree corner. It’s pretty challenging because by this point the tires are getting a bit overheated. All the rest becomes sector three. You arrive into the first chicane and take all the curbs very aggressively, then you go left into the tunnel and into a very short chicane. On the last chicane, you use all the track on the outside, close to the wall. The last corner is a pretty fast corner. It’s important to make it right and then get going into a straight line for start/finish line.”

Marina Bay Street Circuit

Total number of race laps: 61
Complete race distance: 308.828 kilometers (191.897 miles)
Pit lane speed limit: 60 kph (37 mph)
This 5.065-kilometer (3.147-mile), 23-turn circuit has hosted Formula One since 2008, with last year’s Singapore Grand Prix serving as the venue’s eighth grand prix.
Daniel Ricciardo holds the race lap record at Marina Bay Street Circuit (1:50.041), set in 2015 with Red Bull.
Sebastian Vettel holds the qualifying lap record at Marina Bay Street Circuit (1:43.885), set in 2015 with Scuderia Ferrari in Q3.
The Singapore Grand Prix at Marina Bay Street Circuit debuted in 2008, making history as the first night race in Formula One. Today, Singapore is one of three night races on the Formula One schedule, with Bahrain and Abu Dhabi joining the fold. Singapore’s debut was massively successful and remains hugely popular among drivers and fans alike, which explains why it’s no longer the only night race in Formula One. With the famous Singapore skyline serving as backdrop, the Marina Bay Street Circuit boasts one of the most spectacular environments in Formula One. Powerful lighting systems allow drivers to clearly navigate the track while providing fans a heightened sense of speed with sparks flying from the cars’ underbodies and the lights reverberating from their sinewy shapes. The harborside location makes Singapore a modern-day Monaco, and its 23 turns are the most of any Formula One venue.
DYK? The Singapore Grand Prix is the longest race of the year in terms of duration. Every Formula One race at Marina Bay Street Circuit has come to within four minutes of the mandated two-hour time limit. Two races have been cut short of the scheduled 61-lap distance because of this limit – 2012 (59 laps) and 2014 (60 laps). The longest Formula One race at Marina Bay Street Circuit was last year’s Singapore Grand Prix, which eclipsed the two-hour time limit by 1 minute and 22 seconds. When the time limit comes into play, the leader is shown the checkered flag when he crosses the start/finish line at the end of the lap following the lap in which the two-hour period ended.
During the course of the Singapore Grand Prix, lows will range from 26-27 degrees Celsius (79-81 degrees Fahrenheit) to highs of 32-33 degrees Celsius (90-91 degrees Fahrenheit). Relative humidity ranges from 62 percent (mildly humid) to 92 percent (very humid), with a dew point varying from 22 degrees Celsius/72 degrees Fahrenheit (very muggy) to 26 degrees Celsius/78 degrees Fahrenheit (oppressive). The dew point is rarely below 21 degrees Celsius/69 degrees Fahrenheit (muggy) or above 27 degrees Celsius/80 degrees Fahrenheit (very oppressive). Typical wind speeds vary from 0-18 kph/0-11 mph (calm to gentle breeze), rarely exceeding 21 kph/13 mph (moderate breeze).

Where the rubber meets the road

• Pirelli is bringing three tire compounds to Singapore:
o P Zero Yellow soft – less grip, less wear (used for long-race stints)

This is one of the most frequently used tires in Pirelli’s range, as it strikes a balance between performance and durability, with the accent on performance. It is still geared toward speed rather than long distances, but it remains capable of providing teams with a competitive advantage at the beginning of the race where cars are carrying a full fuel load, and at the end of the race where the fuel load is much lighter and the race effectively becomes a sprint. It is a high working-range compound.
o P Zero Red supersoft – more grip, medium wear (used for shorter-race stints and for initial portion of qualifying)

This is the second softest tire in Pirelli’s range, and it is ideal for tight and twisting circuits, especially in cold weather, when maximum grip is needed. The supersofts warm up rapidly, which has made it a stalwart choice for qualifying. But with increased grip comes increased degradation. It is a low working-range compound.
o P Zero Purple ultrasoft – highest amount of grip, highest amount of wear (used for qualifying and select race situations)

This is a new tire in Pirelli’s lineup, debuting at this year’s Monaco Grand Prix and last used at the Austrian Grand Prix in early July. It the softest tire in Pirelli’s range, with rapid warming and massive performance. It is best used on tight and twisting circuits that put a premium on mechanical grip. However, because it so soft, it has a limited lifespan. It is a low working-range compound.
• Two of the three available compounds must be used during the race. Teams are able to decide when they want to run which compound, adding an element of strategy to the race. A driver can also use all three sets of Pirelli tires in the race, if they so desire. (If there are wet track conditions, the Cinturato Blue full wet tire and the Cinturato Green intermediate tire will be made available.)
• Pirelli provides each driver 13 sets of dry tires for the race weekend. Of those 13 sets, drivers and their teams can choose the specifications of 10 of those sets from the three compounds Pirelli selected. The remaining three sets are defined by Pirelli – two mandatory tire specifications for the race (one set of P Zero Yellow softs and one set of P Zero Red supersofts) and one mandatory specification for Q3 (one set of P Zero Purple ultrasofts). Haas F1 Team’s drivers have selected the following amounts:
o Grosjean: two sets of P Zero Yellow softs, two sets of P Zero Red supersofts and nine sets of P Zero Purple ultrasofts
o Gutiérrez: one set of P Zero Yellow softs, three sets of P Zero Red supersofts and nine sets of P Zero Purple ultrasofts

source: haasf1team.com, 2016 photo album



Pirelli Singapore Grand Prix Preview

Round 15 of 21
Marina Bay, Singapore, 15-18 September 2016

Milan, September 12, 2016 – For the only true night race of the calendar, held on the stunning streets of Singapore, Pirelli’s P Zero Purple ultrasoft tyres make a return for the first race since Austria, alongside the supersoft and soft. The three softest tyres in the P Zero range have been selected to cater for the unique demands of the Marina Bay street circuit: a long lap, fluctuating track temperatures, and a physically demanding race for both drivers and cars. With the barriers so close to the side of the track, no mistakes go unpunished during this two-hour marathon held in humid conditions.


  • Singapore has the highest number of corners of any circuit all year (23) but is the second-slowest lap after Monaco: placing demands on tyres in terms of cornering, braking and traction.
  • The surface is typically bumpy, also with street furniture such as painted lines and manholes.
  • Being run at night, track temperatures don’t evolve in the usual way seen at a daytime race.
  • Ambient temperatures still remain high though, meaning drivers have to manage degradation.
  • A long race and high safety car probability open up many different tyre strategy opportunities.
  • Low downforce means all the mechanical grip comes from tyres: the left-rear works hardest.
  • Pit stop time is long due to a lower speed limit and long pit lane: a key strategic consideration.


  • Yellow soft: the hardest set available this weekend, capable of long stints at Marina Bay.
  • Red supersoft: a versatile compound, which proved to be a key element of last year’s race.
  • Purple ultrasoft: designed to offer a considerable pace advantage: will be used in qualifying.


  • Ferrari’s Sebastian Vettel won with a two-stop strategy, starting on supersoft, switching to supersoft again on lap 13 then soft on lap 37. There were two safety car periods.
  • Best alternative strategy: Toro Rosso’s Max Verstappen went for an alternative two-stopper (supersoft-soft-supersoft) to finish eighth from a lap down after the start.


“Singapore is probably the most spectacular circuit that we visit all season, and this year we hope to make it even more special with the arrival of our rapid ultrasoft compound, in order to maximise the speed and grip available at the Marina Bay track. This is one of the most unpredictable races of the year – it’s the only track with a 100% safety car record – so all the complex variables inevitably throw up opportunities for teams to do something creative with strategy. In terms of competition, it looks set to be one of the closest races we will see all year, where tyre management will make a big difference.”


  • Following some minor changes to the circuit in 2015, there are no big alterations this year.
  • The 2017 tyre test campaign continued last week, with Ferrari and Mercedes mule cars.


  • Ferrari has gone for the most aggressive tyre choice, with a maximum allocation of ultrasoft.
  • Pirelli recently won the FIA European Hillclimb Championship (the oldest FIA championship still in existence) with Italy’s Simone Faggioli claiming a record-equalling ninth title.
  • The penultimate round of the European Rally Championship takes place in Latvia on the same weekend as Singapore, with Pirelli standing a strong chance of clinching another title.


Purple Red Yellow White Orange
Australia Supersoft Soft Medium
Bahrain Supersoft Soft Medium
China Supersoft Soft Medium
Russia Supersoft Soft Medium
Spain Soft Medium Hard
Monaco Ultrasoft Supersoft Soft
Canada Ultrasoft Supersoft Soft
Azerbaijan Supersoft Soft Medium
Austria Ultrasoft Supersoft Soft
Great Britain Soft Medium Hard
Hungary Supersoft Soft Medium
Germany Supersoft Soft Medium
Belgium Supersoft Soft Medium
Italy Supersoft Soft Medium
Singapore Ultrasoft Supersoft Soft
Malaysia Soft Medium Hard
Japan Soft Medium Hard
United States Supersoft Soft Medium
Mexico Supersoft Soft Medium
Brazil Soft Medium Hard
Abu Dhabi Ultrasoft Supersoft Soft

source: pirelli.com, 2016 photo album

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source: renaultsport.com